Fernando Ezequiel ‘Pino’ Solanas (born 16 February 1936) is an Argentine film director, screenwriter and politician. He is also an experienced journalist. He was also part of advertising field. During the ’60s and ’70s, filmmaker Fernando E. Solanas was an influential figure in the promotion of radical, Leftist Argentine cinema. Before becoming a director, Solanas was involved with theater, music, and law. In 1962, he produced and directed his first film. Solanas was at the forefront of the Grupo Cine Liberación that shook Argentine cinema in the 1970s, developing its social conscience and political voice. He was active in the campaign to support Perón, threatened by right-wing forces in the 1970s, one of his actors was assassinated and he himself was almost kidnapped. Together with Octavio Getino, Solanas wrote the manifesto “Toward a Third Cinema”. The idea of a political Third Cinema, opposed to Hollywood cinema and European auteur cinema, inspired film makers in many so-called developing countries. Solanas went into exile in Paris in 1976, only returning to Argentina with the arrival of democracy in 1983. He continued to make political films and was an outspoken critic of Carlos Menem, the Argentine President. His films include La hora de los hornos (The Hour of the Furnaces) (1968), Tangos: el exilio de Gardel (1985), Sur (1988), El viaje (1992), La nube (1998) and Memoria del saqueo (2004), among many others. Since 2013, he has been a National Senator representing the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires.